This page provides a list of my highlighted publications. For a full list of publications including peer-reviewed journal articles, government and NGO reports, and book reviews, please download my full CV, located here.
2018. "Parlez-vous français? Language and Agricultural Aid Allocation Strategies in Northern Mali.” World Development 106: 356-375.
With Mark Brockway. Using survey data collected in Northern Mali in 2015 by the World Bank, we examine the effectiveness of current aid distribution strategies and determine that--regardless of need--villages are more likely to receive aid if the village leadership speak French. This appropriation principle means that aid is not going to the most vulnerable, but to the most politically or socially connected. We also find proof of a second layer of aid misappropriation. While Sonrai and Tamasheq-speaking villages receive less aid than French-speaking villages, the aid they do receive goes to households most vulnerable to exogenous shocks. However, in French-speaking villages, the most vulnerable households are not guaranteed to receive agricultural aid.
2018. “Climate Change, Adaptation, and Agricultural Output.” Regional Environmental Change 1-11.
With Patrick Regan and Hyun Kim. Recent studies have estimated that climate-generated extreme weather disasters have reduced crop yields globally by up to 10%. By incorporating indicators of adaptive capacity and sensitivity, we develop empirical models of the relationship between extreme weather disasters and agricultural output between 1995 and 2010. Using panel data models, we find that the greater the adaptive capacity of a country the more attenuated are the expected agricultural losses from extreme weather disasters. Climate related agricultural consequences vary as a function of the heterogeneity across countries. Much of this heterogeneity in adaptive capacity is a result of policy choices about structural preparedness. Our results allow us to draw inferences about crop yields under different levels of adaptive capacity in the context of climate change.
2014. “Transformative Peace in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.” Journal of International Peacekeeping 18(1-2): 102-122.
This article critiques the potential success of the Peace, Security, and Cooperation Framework for the DRC and the Region—signed on February 24, 2013—against the backdrop of the 1999 Lusaka Ceasefire Agreement, which failed to end the Second Congo War. If the 2013 Framework is to succeed, what is required is a transformation of the peace process, which will incorporate the Congolese civil society, avoid restrictive timelines, and focus on securing realistic commitments. By critically analyzing both the 1999 Agreement and the broader conflict-resolution and peace-building processes, international peace practitioners can learn from the situation in the DRC and use the revised peace model this article outlines to promote true and lasting peace in regional conflicts across the developing world.